Liido Beach Mogadishu, Beaches in Mogadishu, Liido Beach Mogadishu Somalia.

Overview on Mogadishu Rising

On August 20, 2012, Somalia’s eight-year transition period officially ended, bringing the TFG and its fractious parliament to an end. Outside of Somalia, the roadmap to transition was welcomed, but external actors largely forced through it. These risks are ignoring dissenting Somali voices, including those who may try to destabilize the new political order.

The expulsion of al-Shabaab from the city, the consolidation of TFG control, widespread perceptions of improved security, mass returns, economic revival, and improved food security have all contributed to residents’ optimism. Somalis and international actors alike must seize this watershed moment to consolidate and build on precarious gains.

Mogadishu View

The transition process is critical, not least because it will lay the groundwork for future international engagement with Somalia. If handled properly and peacefully, it has the potential to help cement recent security gains. This could lead to increased donor engagement, with more funds available to stabilize the country and provide tangible peace dividends to the Somali people. 

The town is still sharply divided into north and south districts, with the government and the majority of international organizations based in the south. These are more economically and socially vibrant than those in the north, which were under al-Shabaab control until the end of 2011.

Daarusalaam Garden Mogadishu Somalia

Key Findings of Mogadishu Rising

• Nonetheless, security remains inadequate and uneven, with large swaths of Mogadishu – particularly in the city’s northern districts – virtually unpoliced. Residents and officials have formed a variety of neighborhood vigilante groups and private militias to protect themselves and their assets in the absence of state-provided security.
• Residents are concerned that warlords and powerful businessmen who are not part of the new political order will stage an armed revolt. There is already evidence that some warlords and people in business are arming themselves.
• Land is the most contested resource in Mogadishu, and land claims by diaspora returnees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) are exacerbating an already volatile situation. Conflict over this critical resource may result in social unrest and wider instability.
• External actors have placed undue emphasis on the transition roadmap and its six Somali signatories. The lack of widespread support for the roadmap has contributed to the perception that external actors, rather than Somalis, have driven the recent political transition.
• Somalis have welcomed Turkey’s significant infrastructure investment, but there is growing concern that it has overestimated the president’s institutional importance and may have inadvertently concentrated its commercial dealings on a small group of his close allies and kin.
• Mogadishu is in the process of regaining its footing. “The city is like an unwell patient in a coma who suddenly opens his eyes and moves his fingers. Now he’s moving his limbs and unfolding his legs,” says the director of MadinaHospital, which was diminished to an IDP camp in the 1990s during the height of the civil war.
Hawo Tako, Somali girl
• Today, a new Mogadishu is emerging from Somalia’s turbulent past. Since Al-Shabaab militants withdrew from the city in August 2011, the Somali capital has experienced an economic renaissance that few could have predicted only five years ago. The paths of the city’s once-fashionable Shingaani district now have a flourishing nightlife, and families and young couples have restored Lido Beach as their weekend playground. In the heart of Mogadishu, two football fields, a peace garden features cafes and park benches where Somalis can read local newspapers or talk about the latest political growth.
• A walk through some of Mogadishu’s once-devastated neighborhoods reveals how much the city has changed. The central business district is buzzing with activity once more. Some of the road scenes onwards the city’s main boulevard, Maka-Al-Mukarama, are equivalent to those in Tanzania’s Dar es Salaam or Ethiopia’s Addis Abeba.
mogadishu rising, mogadishu Somallia.


Finally, the city’s fledgling government must prioritize the establishment of the rule of law and ensure that it is applied equally to all groups. A zero-tolerance policy for torture and illegal detentions, as well as land sector regulation and the provision of credible land dispute resolution mechanisms, would be an excellent place to start. Putting a stop to rampant corruption in politics and the economic elites is also essential. Everything you want to know about Mogadishu rising is present in this article, so don’t hold yourself back. Find every detail of Mogadishu now.

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The outside world is beginning to notice Mogadishu’s transformation as well. In the recent survey of the world’s fastest-growing cities with a population of at least 1 million, the US-based consulting team Demograpia ranked Mogadishu second, right behind the Indonesian city of Batam.